Holes

by Louis Sachar
HOLES.jpg
Here is a powerpoint version of the essay plan. It might be a good idea to save this to your own computer and print off any pages you need.
external image vnd.ms-powerpoint.png Holes.ppt

Alternatively you can work straight from this page.
Setting
Preparation

Read the description of Camp Green Lake in Chapters 1 and 2.

  • Put ‘Camp Green Lake’ as your heading on a new jotter page.
  • Take half the page to draw the landscape, including the features mentioned in the chapters (also including wildlife!).Take half the page to draw the landscape, including the features mentioned in the chapters (also including wildlife!).
  • In the top right of your picture write a list of adjectives to describe the setting e.g. dry, …n the top right of your picture write a list of adjectives to describe the setting e.g. dry, …
  • Beneath the picture, copy this:Beneath the picture, copy this:
  • Setting - the time and place, or where and when, a story takes place.Setting - the time and place, or where and when, a story takes place.
  • Look at your picture and the list of adjectives and try to imagine yourself there. How do you feel about Stanley going there?Look at your picture and the list of adjectives and try to imagine yourself there. How do you feel about Stanley going there?


Character
Preparation
Read chapters 3-6
Think about what has happened to Stanley. How does he react to what has happened? How would you react? What does Stanley’s reaction tell you about his character?

Quotes
Preparation
In your essay, you will have to use quotes. Here is a reminder how to use them.

Look for a phrase or expression (a few words) that tells you something about Stanley, something that makes you sympathise with him or admire him. For instance, the short phrase, “had never been to camp before” (p. 5) can be used to show how poor Stanley is. E.g.

Stanley is from a poor background. Stanley, “had never been to camp before” (p. 5). He was too poor to go on camp holiday like other children did.

The correct layout for quotes is: Make a Point, Quote your Evidence, Evaluate the point. PEE!

Task
How does the author Louis Sachar engage the readers’ sympathy and admiration for the main character Stanley Yelnats in the novel ‘Holes’?

Introduction
In this short paragraph you have to include key information:
  • name of the author,
  • name of the text,
  • brief outline of the plot
  • what your essay task is.


Section One Preparation

Stanley’s background in the opening chapters of the novel.

Skim read chapters three and six, looking for Stanley’s problems.

A. Make a list of five of Stanley’s problems (these are your points).
B. Then find quotes from either chapter three or chapter six that show these problems (this is your evidence).
C. If you have time, explain each quote and what it shows in your own words (this is evaluation).

Section One Stanley’s background in the opening chapters of the novel.
Topic Sentence You could begin with something like this…
At the start of the novel, it soon becomes clear that the main character Stanley has lots of problems …
After the topic sentence, go on to say more about Stanley using the quotes and notes you have made. (Remember PEE!) When you have made your points, round off your paragraph with a summary sentence that links to the essay task and to your opinion e.g.
I felt sorry for Stanley at the start of the novel because …

Section Two Preparation : The difficulties Stanley faces at camp and how this gains the readers’ sympathy.

Skim read chapters eight to twelve, looking for the problems Stanley has at camp.

  • What problems does Stanley face at camp,?
  • P List the problems of life at camp
  • E Next, try to find a quote from the novel to match each one
  • E Lastly, write an explanation of how each quote illustrates the problem and makes you feel sorry for
Stanley.

Section Two: The difficulties Stanley faces at camp. Remember the basic structure:

  • Key sentence e.g. Life at Camp Green Lake is difficult at first for Stanley…
  • Point, Evidence, Evaluation (quotes and notes)
  • Summary sentence e.g. I think it would be very hard to stay at Camp Green Lake and I sympathise I think it would be very hard to stay at Camp Green Lake and I sympathise
with Stanley …

Section Three Preparation: Stanley starts to toughen up (physically and mentally) and we begin to admire his character. Here are some quotes that show this. Decide five points you want to make about how Stanley’s character develops and pick quotes that will give evidence for this.

“His skin had gotten tougher” (p 59)
“X-Ray smiled. “Good thinking, caveman.” (p. 63)
“Stanley moved up one place in line” (p 63)
“He dug the hole into his memory” (p 71)
“His muscles had strengthened, and his hands were tough” (p80)
“In the morning Stanley asked Squid if he was feeling better” (p 83)
“I stole it from your truck” (p 86)
“Stanley was surprised he could feel good about anything at the moment, but he did.” (p 87)
“I’ll try to teach you to read if you want,” Stanley offered.” (p 96)

Section Three Stanley starts to toughen up (physically and mentally) and we begin to admire his character.
  • In your own words, explain how Stanley adapts to life at camp and why it makes you admire him.
  • Key sentenceKey sentence e.g. As the plot develops, Stanley becomes …As the plot develops, Stanley becomes …
  • Point, Evidence, Evaluation
  • Summary sentenceSummary sentence e.g. I think it is good that although Stanley is in a difficult situation, he can …I think it is good that although Stanley is in a difficult situation, he can …


Section Four Preparation
Stanley’s escape to the mountain and how it makes the reader admire him.

  • Think about the qualities that Stanley shows in these chapters: brave, loyal, caring, hopeful, strong, resourceful, determined and finally, he likes himself - he has changed for the better.
  • Find quotes for four of these admirable qualities.
  • Explain how each quote displays the good quality chosen.


Section Four Stanley’s escape to the mountain and how it makes the reader admire him.

  • Topic sentence e.g. In Part Two of the novel, Stanley…
  • Point, Evidence, Evaluation
  • Summary sentence e.g. StanleyStanley shows many good qualities in his escape from the camp, such as …shows many good qualities in his escape from the camp, such as …


Section Five: How the writer makes the climax of ‘Holes’ tense and exciting.

How do you feel when Stanley and Zero get rescued with the suitcase?

Write paragraph 6 on the climax of the novel and how this engages the sympathy and admiration of the readers. Remember that you will need to use quotes.

  • Key sentence e.g. In the climax of the novel, Stanley…
  • Point, Evidence, Evaluation
  • Summary sentence e.g. Stanley shows that he is …



Conclusion

Round up your main points, answer the essay question and show your opinion of the novel as a whole. E.g.

Stanley changes during the course of the novel. At first we feel sorry for him because … He becomes … By the end of the novel, …’Hole’s is a gripping novel with …